This country strategy note summarizes an NRGI analysis of country context and reform priorities. It also outlines NRGI’s engagement in Tanzania, complementing the work of other actors. Developments will naturally affect the assessments and objectives described herein.
This briefing argues that, currently subject to limited regulation and even fewer reporting requirements, companies engaged in physical commodity trading of oil, gas and minerals should be required to publicly report on their transactions with government entities.
Licensing serves as the gateway into Myanmar’s lucrative and controversial mining sector. The permitting process determines, in large part, who can participate in the mining sector and under what conditions.
This paper examines the evidence of a subnational resource curse. Natural resource extraction can have positive effects, generating profits, tax revenue for government, and economic linkages to other sectors. In contrast, extraction can also have negative economic, environmental and social consequences.
This study provides an overview of natural resource-related intergovernmental transfers in Bolivia—that is, the revenue that the Bolivian national government earns from extraction and then redistributes to subnational authorities.
This case study provides an overview of natural resource-related intergovernmental transfers in Peru—that is, the revenue that the Peruvian national government earns from extraction and then redistributes to subnational governments.
Local governments in the Philippines can influence the decision on whether mining operations proceed in their jurisdictions. Several local governments have denied their consent to mining operators or imposed moratoriums. Environmental gains have been made as a result, but there have also been significant investment losses for the national government. This case study considers the trade-offs associated with granting local authority on mining and explains the challenges that ultimately led to reduced benefits at the local level.
New analysis from NRGI shows that the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) continues to withhold billions of dollars in oil sale revenues from the treasury without effective rules or oversight.