Only nine of the 81 SOEs assessed in the 2017 Resource Governance Index achieved a good standard of transparency and accountable governance. This guide attempts to provide a practical reference for SOEs to use as they develop their disclosures.
Dans les pays riches en ressources naturelles, les entreprises publiques ont une influence majeure sur l’économie et la société dans son ensemble. Leurs activités ont souvent des retombées importantes sur la manière dont l’Etat gère l’exploitation minière ou pétrolière et sur le montant des recettes qu’il perçoit.
Oversight actors can detect and prevent corruption in the oil, gas and mining sectors if they ask the right questions. Corruption schemes can be complex and opaque, yet clear patterns and similar signs of problematic behavior do exist across resource-rich countries.
Four years after the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI) began encouraging contract disclosure through its standard, this report assesses the extent to which governments of resource-rich countries have taken up the recommendation.
Over the past decade, the boom in commodity prices and the growth of foreign exchange reserves have made Sovereign Wealth Funds (SWF) major forces in the global economy, with the largest funds managing well over $4 trillion in assets.
The sale of crude oil by national oil companies (NOCs) generates a large share of government revenue in oil-producing countries. NOC export sales bring in more than two-thirds of total government income in countries such as Angola, Azerbaijan, Congo-Brazzaville, Iraq, Saudi Arabia and Yemen.